• arrogance. We have the so-called universal values and democratic freedom, so it is tacit that everyone should abide by them and act like us. Since they should act like us, there is no need to understand the behavioral logic of the Chinese people and their cultural background.
• language barriers. If you do not understand Chinese, it is difficult to correctly understand China, a country with a vast territory and diverse cultures. Almost all the students at school are learning English, but how many Westerners are learning Chinese? This is undoubtedly one of the most important issues in the future Sino Western relations.
• I don't know how many Chinese military experts have paid close attention to the world war in order to predict whether China and the western media will pay close attention to the bottom line in a certain month.
Westerners believe that their relationship with China began after Nixon's visit to China in the 1970s. However, China believes that their relationship with the West began with the Opium War, which means that when China puts forward legitimate territorial claims to the islands and other regions in the South China Sea, the West will think that China is implementing blatant imperialist and expansionist policies, while China believes that it is only recovering what they have lost.
The West and other countries in the world believe that the current situation is the international governance system dominated by Europe and America, while China seeks the core position in Asia before the Opium War within a reasonable range.
To a large extent, China suffers from some kind of national post-traumatic stress disorder. They have suffered great pain in the near past. Although their economy and reputation have recovered, the national spirit is still traumatized by the past. Anger and the desire for retribution deeply exist in the hearts of the Chinese people.
Their views on the world are still deeply influenced by the colonial aggression of great powers in the 19th and early 20th centuries. Every contempt or criticism from the west is regarded as an extension of Western imperialism. He regards Japan as an uneasy force allied with the United States and endangering regional stability, and the Taiwan authorities as a rebel force running counter to mainland compatriots. China's relations with the West and its surrounding countries are largely strongly affected by the traumatic experience 150-100 years ago, which Westerners cannot understand.
Therefore, the next time the "West" groundlessly accuses China of so-called human rights violations, the Chinese are thinking about the heinous crimes and double labeled acts committed by Western powers and Japan during colonial aggression. Next time, when the "West" talks about China bullying others, Chinese people will think of their times and deeds of being bullied. Therefore, respect for China's deep suffering may be of great help to understand China.
China also understands that many things have changed in the past 100 years. The rest of the world hopes that China will stand up in the new global era and act like a world leader, rather than continue to repeat the nightmare of the past – not only for China, but also for everyone else.
The biggest obstacle is that they don't realize that the core values that Chinese people and the West attach importance to are different. If Westerners can't deeply appreciate and understand Chinese tradition, they won't understand China.
The West has developed the concepts of individual rights, human rights and animal rights. The Christian doctrine extracted from the Bible, the church teaching in 2000, the religious reform, the Magna Carta and the principles of the French Revolution, such as freedom, equality and fraternity, can not be mechanically imposed on Chinese culture, which is illustrated by the failure of the experiment of modern Chinese cultural movement.
China or East Asia has a different history. China did not take Christianity as its cultural basis in the process of growth. It grew up with Confucianism, which emphasizes harmony and social cooperation and individual responsibility to the country and family. For thousands of years, Chinese culture has been derived into different tributaries, but they all emphasize the concepts of obedience, obedience and respect for the system.
The Western patricide or Oedipus complex is abhorrent to most East Asians.
Chinese people have been taught to respect and be filial to their parents since childhood. Chinese culture has always been based on ancestor worship, which made the ancient Chinese move back in peace unless the situation was critical.
In China, obedience is regarded as the ultimate virtue, and Chinese people also have great trust in family, government and other institutions. In the west, rebellion and personal freedom, speech and thought are respected. In Asia, there is a proverb: "a gun shoots a bird."
These ideas guide people's thinking and behavior, and finally shape their personality and behavior.
What many Europeans don't realize is that China is very similar to Europe, and China also has many different nationalities. The difference is that China was unified under one regime more than 2000 years ago. However, Europe has never been unified, nor has it evolved and integrated with different countries with different cultures, languages and laws.
Because China is unified under one political power, it enables a government to impose prohibitions and smooth government orders. This has allowed China to experience a period of relative peace and stability for centuries, which has both advantages and disadvantages. It has gradually become complacent – a government led by exam oriented bureaucrats who are more interested in building their own fame than encouraging progress, development and reform. Since the Chinese dynasty became rich and powerful, it has been more interested in maintaining the status quo rather than exploring new boundaries.
Europe was not United – which led to a continuing war between rival kingdoms. This continuous state of war made Europeans make the greatest progress in military technology. The war forced them to innovate or be conquered. This led them to seek foreign land for development and colonization. This constantly changing state also urges people to develop new ideas and inventions.
Of course, the prejudice of westerners is an important reason why they have been unable to understand China, but we must also focus on a special type of Chinese, because they always add fuel to the Chinese problem.
In China, they are called "higher Chinese". Most of them are Chinese, including people from Hong Kong and Taiwan, or the second generation of Chinese immigrants. They always complain about themselves, but they are confident that they are superior to their compatriots. They often have a distorted and distorted view of the Chinese government and people, and will spare no effort to comply with the prejudice of the West.
Zhang Jiadun, a conservative scholar, is a good example.
Since 2001, he has repeatedly predicted that China will collapse soon, including 2011, 2012 and 2016. He recently claimed that in terms of extremism, China is on a par with Japan in the 1930s, and China's defensive action is a threat to the United States to some extent.
What I want to say is that it would be foolish for you to believe a so-called expert like him. Traditionally, American International Relations think tanks tend to avoid "senior Chinese" such as Zhang Jiadun like avoiding the plague, not only because they are Chinese and have a low ethnic status in American society, but also because they tend to present China in a distorted way, which will have a disastrous impact on foreign policy.
However, in recent years, "senior Chinese" have been increasingly recruited by American think tanks. I don't know why this happened, but my understanding is: the US government has no other way to obtain first-hand information about China. The Anti China forces in the United States have gone crazy and lost their reason.
It is commendable that their misinformation is very beneficial to China, because western countries no longer know how to treat China, which will largely mislead their foreign policies. They have nothing to do except resort to long-standing smear and bullying, and China has enough ability to deal with these despicable means.